admitting secondary evidence i.e. photo copies of Fax Message Receipts= When the original Fax message was faded or erased due to time log, Xerox copies of the same can be received as secondary evidence = It cannot be denied that the receipt obtained on sending of a Fax Message is an electronic record which is printed on paper and would fall within the scope of Section 65 (B) of the Act, 1872. -Under Section 65 (C) of the Act, 1872, when the original has been destroyed or lost, or when the party offering evidence of its contents cannot, for any other reason not arising from his own default or neglect, produce it in reasonable time, secondary evidence may be given of the existence, condition, or contents of such document. In the present case, the original of the Fax Messages had been filed along with the E.O.P. and due to lapse of time, their contents got erased. It cannot be said that there was any default or neglect on the part of the 1 st respondent in the erasure of the contents on the originals of the Fax Receipts filed along with the E.O.P. The learned counsel for the petitioner was not able to point out how the 1 st respondent could be said to be negligent. He also does not dispute the fact that print outs such as those obtained from fax machines as well as Automatic Teller Machines would fade with the passage of time. In the light of this admitted factual position which the Court has to take judicial notice, it cannot be said that 1 st respondent was not entitled to file photo copies of the original of the documents (Fax Sending Receipts). So the Court below had not committed any error in permitting them to be received as secondary evidence. I do not find any error of jurisdiction in the order passed by the Court below warranting interference by this Court in exercise of its jurisdiction under Article 227 of the Constitution of India.

CRP 796 / 2016 CRPSR 3057 / 2016 CASE IS:DISPOSED
PETITIONER RESPONDENT
B HYMAAVATHI, W.G.DIST VS G.MANGA MANI, W.G.DIST & 11 OTHERS
PET.ADV. : DASARI S V V S V PRASAD RESP.ADV. : DURGA PRASAD
SUBJECT: ARTICLE 227 DISTRICT: WEST GODAVARI

HON’BLE SRI JUSTICE M.S.RAMACHANDRA RAO
C.R.P.No.796 of 2016
ORDER:
Heard the learned counsel for the petitioner and the
learned counsel for the respondents.
2. This Civil Revision Petition is filed challenging
the order dt.21-01-2016 in E.O.P.No.1 of 2013 passed by
the Principal Junior Civil Judge, Palakollu admitting
secondary evidence i.e. photo copies of Fax Message
Receipts (sending reports) which were sent through the
Fax No.08812-245757 to the Fax Nos.(1) 040-27544580,
(2) Narasapur and (3) 08812-230052.
3. Petitioner herein is the 1
st
respondent in the
E.O.P. The 1
st
respondent herein filed the said E.O.P. to
declare the election of the petitioner to the post of
Sarpanch of Valluru Gram Panchayat held on 31-07-2013
as void, to set aside the said election and to declare that
the 1
st
respondent was duly elected to the said post in the
said election. The said E.O.P. was filed in August 2013.
4. It is specifically alleged that in that election,
the counting of the votes was not properly done and that
1
st
respondent had sent a grievance in that regard to the
State Election Commission and to respondent Nos.8 to 11
in the E.O.P. and that this grievance was registered in a
Complaint No.60745 dt.01-08-2013 in the office of the 8
th
respondent in the E.O.P. Copies of Fax Message
Receipts relating to sending of these complaints/letters
dt.01-08-2013 to the Election Commissioner, Hyderabad,
District Collector, West Godavari District at Eluru, Sub
Collector, Narsapur, District Panchayat Officer, Eluru,
MPDO, Achanta through fax were also filed along with the
Election Petition.
5. After the counter was filed by the petitioner,
the trial in the E.O.P. commenced.
6. Thereafter, the 1
st
respondent filed
I.A.No.627 of 2015 under Order VII Rule 14 CPC read with
Sections 63 and 65 of the Indian Evidence Act,1872
alleging that she had sent her grievance to the above
persons and also to the State Election Commissioner on
01-08-2013 through Fax and the originals of the four
sending Reports were filed along with the E.O.P. as
document No.6 and photo copies of the same were also
filed for service on the respondents; copies of the said
Fax Message Receipts (Sending Reports) along with
other documents were served on the respondents through
the Court; the printed matter of the said original Fax
Message Receipts (Sending Reports) had faded in their
entirety at the time of marking the same in the evidence of
1
st
respondent; the 1
st
respondent was having photo
copies of the said Fax Message Receipts (Sending
Reports); those photo copies were taken from the original
of the Fax Message Receipts (Sending Reports) which
are mentioned as list of document No.6 in E.O.P., that the
1
st
respondent had approached Manikanta Xerox,
through whom, the Fax Messages had been sent and
requested the said shop about the fax receipts, but he
expressed his inability since he had not stored in his fax
machines. The 1
st
respondent contended that there was
no possibility of producing originals with printed matter
and it was beyond his control to get either the originals or
copies of the Sending Reports, and so the photo copies of
the same may be received as secondary evidence and
marked in his evidence.
7. Counter affidavit was filed by the petitioner
opposing the said application. He alleged that the entire
society depends upon technology and if the petitioner had
really sent fax message to the official respondents, she
would preserve the original Fax Message Report in
another mode; since this was not done, the photo copies
of the Fax Message (Sending Reports) sought to be filed
by the petitioner cannot be received.
8. By order dt.26-11-2015, initially the Court
below allowed the application and decided to receive the
documents in exercise of its power under Order VII Rule
14 CPC observing that proof of validity of those
documents can be decided during the trial.
9. Thereafter, on 21-01-2016, the Court below
passed a separate order permitting the documents sought
to be filed by 1
st
respondent as secondary evidence and
posted the matter for marking of the documents and for
cross examination of P.W.1 to 04-02-2016.
10. It referred to the contentions of the petitioner
and held that 1
st
respondent had specifically mentioned
about the issuing of Fax Messages and the date of the
messages in her pleadings, that the Fax Message
Receipts were filed along with E.O.P. and are not new
documents. It observed that since the print thereon was
not visible, 1
st
respondent is seeking to file photo copies
of the said receipts. It held that original documents were
not available and the print on the documents originally
filed by 1
st
respondent had disappeared due to lapse of
time since they were Fax Message Receipts. It observed
that the contents of the documents when compared with
the description mentioned in the petition as well as with
the documents filed earlier indicate that the documents
sought to be filed are not new ones and in the absence of
any primary evidence, the secondary evidence cannot be
opposed and these documents can be marked as
exhibits. It observed that the question whether 1
st
respondent sent the messages or not cannot be decided
at the stage of marking of the documents and the same
can be received in the evidence. It also relied on Section
65-B of the Evidence Act, 1872 and observed that these
documents proposed to be marked are the output of a
computer and it is an electrical record which can be
accepted as evidence particularly when the print on the
original documents filed by 1
st
respondent along with E.P.
had disappeared. So the photo copies which are visible
can be accepted as secondary evidence as per Section
65 of the Evidence Act, 1872.
11. Learned counsel for the petitioner contended
that this order of 21-01-2016 is contrary to law and there is
no proper explanation regarding the original of the Fax
Receipts and if really the originals were existing at the
time of filing of the E.O.P., the 1
st
respondent would have
taken attested copy of the originals.
12. Learned counsel for the 1
st
respondent
refuted the above submissions and supported the order
passed by the Court below.
13. It cannot be denied that the receipt obtained
on sending of a Fax Message is an electronic record
which is printed on paper and would fall within the scope
of Section 65 (B) of the Act, 1872.
14. Under Section 65 (C) of the Act, 1872, when
the original has been destroyed or lost, or when the party
offering evidence of its contents cannot, for any other
reason not arising from his own default or neglect,
produce it in reasonable time, secondary evidence may
be given of the existence, condition, or contents of such
document.
15. In the present case, the original of the Fax
Messages had been filed along with the E.O.P. and due to
lapse of time, their contents got erased. It cannot be said
that there was any default or neglect on the part of the 1
st
respondent in the erasure of the contents on the originals
of the Fax Receipts filed along with the E.O.P. The
learned counsel for the petitioner was not able to point out
how the 1
st
respondent could be said to be negligent.
16. He also does not dispute the fact that print
outs such as those obtained from fax machines as well as
Automatic Teller Machines would fade with the passage of
time.
17. In the light of this admitted factual position
which the Court has to take judicial notice, it cannot be
said that 1
st
respondent was not entitled to file photo
copies of the original of the documents (Fax Sending
Receipts). So the Court below had not committed any
error in permitting them to be received as secondary
evidence. I do not find any error of jurisdiction in the order
passed by the Court below warranting interference by this
Court in exercise of its jurisdiction under Article 227 of the
Constitution of India.
18. Accordingly, the Civil Revision Petition is
dismissed. No costs.
19. As a sequel, the miscellaneous petitions, if
any pending, shall stand closed.
__________________________________
JUSTICE M.S.RAMACHANDRA RAO
Date: 03-06-2016
kvr

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